First VPS #6 : To create a repository for my own.

   I want to configure my system with event + suEXEC + FPM on さくらの VPS.
   For that I rebuilt php.rpms with ‘--enable-fpm’, but I got fed up with all the dependency things when I used ‘rpm -ivh’. So I decided to create a repository for my own, ha-ha.

    On the VPS

  1. $ sudo adduser --gid xxxx myrepo
    ‘myrepo’ is a user for the repository and ‘xxxx’ is the gid of the httpd user group.
    $ sudo passwd myrepo
  2. $ sudo chmod 710 /home/myrepo
  3. $ sudo su - myrepo
  4. $ mkdir public_html
  5. $ cd public_html
  6. $ mkdir x86_64
  7. $ exit

   I haven’t written it yet, but I already configure Apache httpd for suEXEC Support. So I have new User and Group on the httpd.conf. If you use the settings on this post for your repository, read my words about httpd configuration on the post as your words on your system.
   I removed ‘Options Indexes’ from the httpd conf files, but want to show the indexes of the repository directory. For that I need to use ‘Options Indexes’ in the .htaccess file. So I did the following things.

    About httpd on the VPS

  1. Change the followings about the userdir.conf (/etc/httpd/conf.d/userdir.conf).
    UserDir enabled normuser1 —>> UserDir enabled normuser1 myrepo
        ↑ This is not for .htaccess but for the user ‘myrepo’.
    AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Indexes
    —>> AllowOverride FileInfo AuthConfig Limit Indexes Options=Indexes
  2. $ sudo systemctl restart httpd.service
  3. $ sudo su - myrepo
  4. $ cd public_html/x86_64
  5. $ vi .htaccess
    Its text is ‘Options Indexes’.
  6. $ chmod 640 .htaccess
  7. $ exit
    On the VM for development environment.

  1. Log on as the user ‘rpmbuilder’ and rebuild all the rpm files I want.
    Note 1) On the post ‘First VPS #5’, I wrote how to rebuild php.rpm. That’s nothing wrong, but yum gives ‘Package PACKAGE_NAME.rpm is not signed’ when I used my repository. We need a signature for rpm files when we use them by yum though we can avoid it by the option ‘--nogpgcheck’ and I used the option for my filezilla.rpm installation.
  2. Add my signature to the rpm files.
    $ rpm --addsign rpmbuild/RPMS/x86_64/*
    Of course, I need GPG Keys before this step.

    • Log on the VM as a root privilege user.
      $ sudo gpg --gen-key
      $ sudo gpg --export -a 'o6asan' > RPM-GPG-KEY-o6asan
      RPM-GPG-KEY-o6asan is my public key file. I upload this to /x86_64 in myrepo’s DocumentRoot on the VPS by Filezilla client.
      $ sudo gpg -o file.secret --export-secret-key o6asan
      file.secret is my private key file. I move this to rpmbuilder’s home directory.
      $ sudo mv /home/vmowner/file.secret /home/rpmbuilder/file.secret
    • Log on the VM as the user ‘rpmbuilder’
      $ gpg --import file.secret
      This command imports both secret and public keys.
      $ vi .rpmmacros
      Add the next two lines.
      %_signature gpg
      %_gpg_name <Owner name>
      Note 2) Actually, I wanted to create the keys as ‘rpmbuilder’ because I rebuild the rpm files as ‘rpmbuilder’. But I couldn’t. To create GPG Keys requires root privilege.
  3. Upload all the rpm files to /x86_64 in myrepo’s DocumentRoot on the VPS.
  4. On the VPS.
    $ sudo yum install createrepo
    $ sudo createrepo /path to/x86_64

   Now, I have a repository for my own and the URL is
   I’ll write ‘How to use the repository for my own’ for the next post.

Updating to PHP5.6.5.

   They released PHP5.6.5 Windows version on Jan-22 03:24:41UTC. It fixes several bugs as well as CVE-2015-0231 (bug #68710), CVE-2014-9427 (bug #68618) and CVE-2015-0232 (bug #68799).
   I couldn’t find “Fixed bug #68799” on the PHP5.6.5 ChangeLog though it’s on 5.5.21’s. Did they forget to write it? Anyway, I updated my PHP from 5.6.4 to 5.6.5 on my Web server (Windows7HP+SP1(x86)).

   If you need more information for the configuration, see the post “Migrating from PHP 5.5.16 to PHP 5.6.0 on Windows”.

First VPS #5 : To rebuild php.rpm.

   My original plan for this post was to write an article about suEXEC Support. I want to configure my system with event + suEXEC + FPM on さくらの VPS. About event + suEXEC on Apache httpd it’s OK by CentOS7 default. But about FPM I found a big problem. The default php.rpm of CentOS 7 seems to have no ‘--enable-fpm‘ option at its build. This information you can have by the following command. For this you need to install the package ‘php-devel’. We cannot get the information by ‘php -i’ when we use CentOS rpms.
$ php-config --configure-options
   So I have to rebuild the php.rpm with ‘--enable-fpm’. Is this really necessary? Well, OK (^^;).
   I don’t build rpms on my VPS because I don’t want to install devel packages on the VPS, so I created a virtual PC for development environment in the NJ2100. For the virtual PC I used VMware(R) Player 6.0.4 build-2249910 and CentOS7 (Select ‘Development and Creative Workstation’ and check ‘Development Tools’). See the post “How to create a Virtual PC in Windows7 and run CentOS6.4 on it” for reference.
   I almost had the same results except about Ethernet. The NJ2100 has SiS Ethernet Controller and CentOS7 on VMware(R) Player couldn’t find the device out. How can I fix this issue? I found a lot of pages about it on the Internet and I’ll recommend this page for you though it’s Japanese.
   They tell me the same thing, i.e. use vmnetcfg.exe and vmnetcfglib.dll. They say that VMware Workstation Free Trial version like VMware-workstation-full-10.0.x-xxxxxxx.exe includes the two files. But there was a problem. We can download VMware Workstation 10 still now if we need a production version, but about Free Trial version we can download VMware Workstation 11 only from the vender site right now. Though I downloaded ‘VMware-workstation-full-11.0.0-2305329.exe’ and took a look in the file, I couldn’t find the two files.
   I looked for VMware Workstation 10 on the Internet. FINALLY, I got it from and had the two files. Do you need them? I made a zip for you. Is this act gray or illegal? Anyway I had a VM for development environment.
   Now I’ll write to rebuild the php.rpm. All procedures I did on the virtual machine and see the official page for reference.

  1. I make an unprivileged user(rpmbuilder) for building RPMs and and create the user mockbuild which is a no logon user. It seems to be used by the command ‘rpm’ and originated in IUS.
    $ sudo useradd rpmbuilder
    $ sudo passwd rpmbuilder
    $ sudo useradd -s /sbin/nologin mockbuild
  2. Create directories for RPM building under rpmbuilder’s home.
    $ sudo su - rpmbuilder
    $ mkdir -p ~/rpmbuild/{BUILD,RPMS,SOURCES,SPECS,SRPMS}
    $ echo '%_topdir %(echo $HOME)/rpmbuild' > ~/.rpmmacros
  3. Download the source rpm from
    $ wget \
  4. Install.
    $ rpm -ivh php-5.4.16-23.el7_0.3.src.rpm
  5. Edit php.spec
    $ $ cd ~/rpmbuild/SPECS/
    $ vi php.spec
    Add ‘--enable-fpm \’ as the line 869.
  6. $ rpmbuild -ba php.spec
    It shows packages resolving Dependencies. Install all of them. After that try again.
    $ rpmbuild -ba php.spec
    Now I had a php.rpm with ‘--enable-fpm’ option.

   By the way, my VM has GUI, so I wanted to use FileZilla as FTP client software. But I couldn’t find its rpm on the official repositories. Then I made a filezilla.rpm. For this I needed the package wxGTK3-devel, so I installed epel repository.

  1. $ sudo yum install epel-release
  2. $ wget \

    $ rpm -ivh filezilla-3.10.0-1.fc22.src.rpm
    $ cd ~/rpmbuild/SPECS/
    $ rpmbuild -ba filezilla.spec

   That’s it!

Happy New Year!

おめでとう!   Happy New Year! It is the beginning of a new year.

   This is a year of Hitsuji, according to the Oriental Zodiac.

   We call ‘hitsuji’ ‘sheep’ in English. The illustration of this greeting card uses Hiragana “ひつじ” and the illustrator pulls the Hiragana into a real sheep shape. Can you see it? My guess tells it’s funny and cool v(^o^)v.

   I wish you guys Happy New Year.

   Gods bless you, guys!